"Brogan art display is all about free speech"
From: Dixie Col@aol.com
Dear Mr. Gabordi:
I have been closely following the recent media coverage regarding the symbolic
hanging of a Confederate battleflag at The Brogan Museum in Tallahassee, and
as a descendant of three Confederate soldiers--two of whom were mortally wounded
in 1864--I must agree with those who feel that such a display does not constitute
art. A display such as this is meant as an affront to those of us with Confederate
ancestors, and is intended as a divisive political statement based upon bigotry
and insensitivity toward those of us who honor the sacrifices of our Confederate
Even though it is said that "art is in the eye of the beholder",
there is nothing artistic about Mr. Sims' display. His meaning is as obvious
as a slap in the face to Southerners of all races who had ancestors who served
the Confederacy. The Confederacy is part of Florida's history, regardless of
whether it is considered offensive or praiseworthy by the individual, and history
does not change because of the efforts of those who attempt to alter it to meet
their personal agendas. The fact that this display is being placed in our State
Capital--Tallahassee, the only Southern capital not captured and/or destroyed
by the Yankees during the War Between The States--just adds additional insult
Mr. Sims, and apparently you, also needs to be made officially aware that the
desecration of the Confederate flag--and this display certainly qualifies as
a "desecration"--is a violation of Florida Statute 256.051 which reads
256.051 Improper use or mutilation of state or Confederate flag or emblem prohibited.--
(1) It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to copy, print,
publish, or otherwise use the flag or state emblem of Florida, or the flag or
emblem of the Confederate States, or any flag or emblem used by the Confederate
States or the military or naval forces of the Confederate States at any time
within the years 1860 to 1865, both inclusive, for the purpose of advertising,
selling, or promoting the sale of any article of merchandise whatever within
(2) It shall also be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to mutilate,
deface, defile, or contemptuously abuse the flag or emblem of Florida or the
flag or emblem of the Confederate States by any act whatever.
(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the use of any flag,
standard, color, shield, ensign, or other insignia of Florida or of the Confederate
States for decorative or patriotic purposes.
History.--ss. 1, 2, 3, ch. 61-375; s. 5, ch. 91-221.
You state in your article that, "Anyone who thinks this is not a free-speech
issue or about freedom of expression needs to think again." This statement
seems to imply that you believe this display of Mr. Sims', and the museum's
decision to display it, are protected "speech." I assume you believe
that this is protected by the First Amendment of the Constitution. Am I correct
in that assumption?
Throughout the South, April is celebrated as Confederate History and Heritage
Month, and I wonder if Mr. Sims would find it offensive if I would create an
"artistic" display depicting the lynching of the black, red, and green
"Afro" flag. I can guarantee that neither you nor Mr. Sims would be
defending my "artistic license", nor would you be defending my God-given
right as an American to my act of free expression. Mr. Sims, and others like
him, would see such a display as "racist", "bigoted", "insensitive",
and "divisive." Those are all very apropos descriptions of his own
display from the viewpoint of Southerners and others who choose, quite rightly,
to honor the sacrifices of our Confederate ancestors.
Your article also states,"How serious and strong the rumblings are remains
to be seen, but the point is still the same: It's about using government authority
or the threatened cutoff of government funding to curtail speech."
If that is your contention, you evidently have not read the First Amendment,
so I will show you precisely what it says:
Amendment 1 - Freedom of Religion, Press, Expression. Ratified 12/15/1791.
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting
the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press;
or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government
for a redress of grievances.
Are you contending that CONGRESS is attempting to pass a law which will prevent
Mr. Sims and The Brogan from displaying this piece of bigoted garbage, because
that is the entity that is restrained by the First Amendment to the Constitution.
The outcry against this display is a matter of public decency, and an attempt
to condemn a public display of intolerance, bigotry, and insensitivity--it has
nothing to do with any laws passed by Congress to abridge Mr. Sims' freedom
Obviously, you have your own agenda in condemning the Confederate flag, descendents
of Confederate soldiers, and persons who honor and appreciate the sacrifices
of Florida's Confederate heroes. You stated in your article,"It's true
that I personally find the public display of the Confederate flag in most circumstances
objectionable and would oppose its inclusion on the state-issued license plates
or other government-sanctioned, taxpayer-funded activities. I'm not even sure
I know what the 'honorable display' of that which symbolizes rebellion against
the United States means." (My emphasis.)
If you actually believe that the Confederate flag "symbolizes rebellion
against the United States", then you have apparently never heard of the
tenet of "government with consent of the governed", have you? It is
an old, apparently out-dated concept of American liberty that used to be taught
in American History and Civics classes back before the days of political correctness
I suppose you would disagree with President Thomas Jefferson when he declared
in his First Inaugural Address (1801),"If there be any among us who would
wish to dissolve this Union or to change its republican form, let them stand
undisturbed as monuments of the safety with which error of opinion may be tolerated
where reason is left free to combat it." Jefferson was defending the rights
of free speech and of secession.
The famous political scholar Alexis de Tocqueville observed in his pamphlet
Democracy in America, "The Union was formed by the voluntary agreement
of the States; in uniting together they have not forfeited their nationality,
nor have they been reduced to the condition of one and the same people. If one
of the states chooses to withdraw from the compact, it would be difficult to
disapprove its right of doing so, and the Federal Government would have no means
of maintaining its claims directly either by force or right."
Even Abraham Lincoln himself endorsed the right of secession in a speech in
Congress on January 12, 1848 when he declared, “Any people anywhere, being
inclined and having the power, have the right to rise up and shake off the existing
government, and form a new one that suits them better. This is a most valuable,
a most sacred right—a right which we hope and believe is to liberate the
world. Nor is this right confined to cases in which the whole people of an existing
government may choose to exercise it. Any portion of such people, that can,
may revolutionize, and make their own of so much of the territory as they inhabit.”
Mr. Lincoln obviously changed his mind about our God-given right to "government
with the consent of the governed" by 1861 when he summoned 75,000 troops
to attack the sovereign and independent State of South Carolina to drag it back
into what was supposed to be a "voluntary Union" of sovereign States,
because the U.S. Constitution certainly wasn't altered between 1848 and 1861
to take that right away from the States.
Some of our greatest American heroes--men such as Dwight D. Eisenhower, Harry
S. Truman, Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, Ulysses S. Grant, and others--have
spoken admirably about the heroes of the Confederacy, the gallantry of the Confederate
soldier, and the valiant efforts to defend their homes and families from Northern
The U.S. Congress has even passed laws officially designating Confederate soldiers
as "American veterans" guaranteed the same rights and honors as any
other American veterans. The V.A. even provides veterans' headstones for the
graves of Confederate veterans. Obviously the U.S. government does not consider
Confederate veterans as "traitors." Do you expect us to believe that
you and other modern-day revisionists have opinions regarding our Confederate
heritage that are more valid than men of the caliber of those above-named? Are
we to believe that you modern-day advocates of politically correct dogma are
somehow more enlightened than the last 3 or 4 generations of Americans who have
gone before you who have honored our Confederate heroes?
Do you also believe that our Founding Fathers were a traitorous lot for seceding
from Great Britain in 1776? The circumstances were exactly the same in 1776
as they were when the South seceded in 1861--the absence of "government
with the consent of the governed." Had we lost the War For Independence
in 1776, undoubtedly you would be declaring that George Washington, Thomas Jefferson,
Patrick Henry, and others were guilty of treason, and the U.S. flag would then,
in your opinion, be a symbol of rebellion against the British Crown.
This offensive display needs to be promptly removed from the museum, and Mr.
Sims and The Brogan Museum need to offer their apologies to all Confederate
descendants who have been wronged by this senseless act of insensitivity. And
the very least you, as the Executive Editor of the Tallahassee Democrat, can
do is allow dissenting views to be placed as prominently as your own. This is
a subject that definitely needs to be aired in public, rather than your simply
expounding your views, and then closing the discussion.
David A. Anthony